• My Curriculum Vitae

    Last updated: March 2017

  • Honey Bee Experience

    My first experience working with honey bees was in 2006 when I took a beekeeping class and lab taught by Dr. Dewey Caron. Since that class, I've been fascinated with bees of all kinds. I worked with honey bees throughout my graduate studies in Dr. Jamie Ellis' Honey Bee Research & Extension Laboratory at University of Florida. I'm currently an advisor for the Iolani School Apiary Club and I started the Oahu Buzz Beekeeping Club in Hawaii, through which I am offering workshops, presentations, and open hive demos.

    Bumble Bee Research

    I worked with bumble bees throughout my MS research at University of Florida. I collected volatiles from honey bee and bumble bee colonies, and then from individual components of each (adult bees, immature bees, wax, pollen, honey). I wanted to learn if bumble bee colonies were more or less attractive to small hive beetles than honey bee colonies. I also dissected and screened wild and commercial bumble bee colonies for small hive beetles and their associated yeast, Kodamaea ohmeri. I discovered the yeast in wild and commercial bumble bee colonies. Compared the volatiles from bumble bee and honey bee colonies using gas chromatograph mass spectrometry (GCMS). I also ran choice tests of small hive beetle attraction to volatiles from honey bee and bumble bee colonies.  

    Chimney Bee Research

    The opportunity to study the ground-nesting, chimney bee (Anthophora abrupta) arose when a homeowner found a nest aggregation in an open-air shed. After learning that A. abrupta are beneficial, the homeowner opted against chemical control, and instead collaborated on research. I prescribed a nesting habitat augmentation which involved artificial nest blocks made of clay, splitting the mother nest aggregation, and selective relocation of populated nest material. This was successful and led to an increase in each local population.

    Solitary Bee and Wasp Research

    My PhD study was focused on using artificial nest sites to conduct various facets of solitary bee and wasp research. I started out looking for the ideal artificial nest parameters, setting up the nest array that is shown in the small image to the right. I used this array to study nest type (bee block, tubes, or cedar post); height from the ground, size hole, material (paper, cardboard, plastic, bamboo, wood). I set these up at various locations such as farms, botanical gardens, zoos, back yards, natural areas, public parks. I also used these nest sites to study solitary bee and wasp development, pests and parasites, pathogens, and pesticide residue in pollen. I also started the Native Buzz Nest Site Project- a citizen science project which taught participants to build, monitor and maintain their own sites and contribute data to our research.

    Endangered Hawaiian Yellow-Faced Bee Research

    I am developing conservation management plans for the endangered Hawaiian yellow-faced bees (Hylaeus spp.). In order to develop a captive rearing program and enhance the existing coastal strand habitat to better support increased populations, I am carefully studying the nest architecture and developmental stages of successful populations of H. anthracinus. I am also evaluating the pests, pathogens, and non-native bees, which have recently invaded the coastal strand habitat on which H. anthracinus depend. I have designed an artificial nest system that allows us to observe yellow-faced bee nests through translucent tubing. The artificial nest systems are equipped with non-toxic ant barriers providing a relatively safe nesting habitat for these endangered pollinators. This conservation tool also gives us the opportunity to evaluate nest health in the field, record life history data, and potentially will serve as a source for translocation and captive rearing stock.

  • Career Preparation

    University of Hawaii at Manoa

    Bee Research & Conservation

    Post-Doctoral Research, Plant and Environment Protection Sciences, University of Hawaii at Manoa

    Identify and monitor individuals, nests and populations of native and non-native bees in the field

    • Determine and describe native and non-native bee nest architecture, parameters & preferences
    • Rear immature bees from dissected nests and record life histories and development
    • Design, implement, and monitor artificial nest systems for habitat enhancement for endangered yellow-faced bees
    • Develop protocols for collection and captive rearing of native and non-native bees
    • Prescribe conservation management methods to increase abundance of native bees

    University of Florida

    Research Assistant 

    Doctor of Philosophy, Entomology and Nematology

    Minor in Agricultural Education and Communication

    • Establish, transport and maintain honey bee colonies for research projects
    • Recruit, interview, hire, train and supervise field and laboratory research technicians
    • Identify, design, construct and implement native bee and wasp research sites 
    • Design, develop and deliver outreach presentations, lectures, workshops and educational materials for various audiences
    • Assist colleagues in the design and execution of various research projects
    • Develop and execute research pertaining to PhD degree

     University of Florida

    Research Assistant

    Master of Science, Entomology and Nematology

    • Assemble honey bee equipment, establish and maintain research apiaries 
    • Design and implement rearing program for research colonies of small hive beetles 
    • Monitor and maintain honey bee and bumble bee colonies for field and lab research
    • Design, develop and deliver outreach presentations for various audiences
    • Assist colleagues in the design and execution of various research projects
    • Develop and execute research pertaining to MS Degree

    University of Delaware

    Undergraduate Research


    Bachelor of Science, Entomology and Applied Ecology

    Minor in Wildlife Conservation


    • Design rearing cages for colonies of coleopteran biological control agents
    • Monitor and maintain colonies of coleopteran biological control agents
    • Establish and monitor field sites for evaluation of beetle damage to plants
    • Design, develop and deliver poster presentations to report results of projects
    • Develop and execute research pertaining to undergraduate thesis
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